Resource Networks: Decentralised Factory Operation Utilising Renewable Energy Sources
Striving for sustainability, most industrialised countries make increasing use of renewable energy sources to meet their energy demands. This causes power generation to become more decentralised and volatile, making flexibility in production (i.e. energy demand) a fundamental necessity for manufacturing companies. Hence, it is to be expected that companies which attain a symbiosis of renewable energy applications, efficient technologies, and innovative approaches to production organisation will have a competitive advantage in the future. The EU funds research in this direction as part of the REEMAIN project, amongst others.
Stoldt, J., Franz, E., Schlegel, A., & Putz, M. (2015). Resource Networks: Decentralised Factory Operation Utilising Renewable Energy Sources. Procedia CIRP, 26, 486–491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.154
Making Sustainability Paradigms a Part of PPC
The mounting pressure of the European legislative to improve the sustainability of production operations prompts companies to implement sustainability paradigms into their production planning and control (PPC). First results from an ongoing European project will show how the innovative Resource Networks Methodology can be used to alter the production organisation accordingly.
Putz, M., Stoldt, J., Fanghänel, C., Bierer, A., & Schlegel, A. (2015). Making Sustainability Paradigms a Part of PPC. Procedia CIRP, 29, 209–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.167
Extending Building Simulation Software to Include the Organic Rankine Cycle for Factory Waste Heat Recovery
Generators based on the organic Rankine cycle (ORC) are used in some industries to generate electricity from waste heat. The supply of heat is rarely constant since it is linked to the operation of processes whose energy use is determined by the manufacturing schedule. The performance of the ORC depends on many factors including the working fluid, the choice of condenser type and whether or not to use a recuperator. The performance of the condenser is influenced by the climate and therefore the location of the factory. This paper describes an extension of the functions of a commercial building energy modelling soſtware IES to include ORC simulation.
Greenough R., Korolija I., Oates, M. (2016). Extending Building Simulation Software to Include the Organic Rankine Cycle for Factory Waste Heat Recovery, ECEEE.
Modelling the Influence of Climate on the Performance of the Organic Rankine Cycle for Industrial Waste Heat Recovery
This paper describes a study of the relative influences of different system design decisions upon the performance of an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) used to generate electricity from foundry waste heat. The design choices included concern the working fluid, whether to use a regenerator and the type of condenser.
Greenough R., Korolija I. (2016). Modelling the Influence of Climate on the Performance of the Organic Rankine Cycle for Industrial Waste Heat Recovery, Energies. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/42145573.pdf
Industrial waste heat recovery strategies in urban contexts: A performance comparison, Smart Cities Conference (ISC2)
In increasingly populated urban areas, the optimization of energy resources is of vital importance not only for economic and ethical reasons, but also to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Industrial plants and factories usually located around cities often require (and in some case also dissipate) large amounts of energy. As known, the waste heat generated by high-temperature industrial processes can be partially recovered for a variety of applications. Unfortunately, cost and efficiency issues limit the feasibility of some of these solutions. In this paper two possible waste heat recovery strategies are described and compared, i.e. electrical generation based on Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) and District Heating (DH). The proposed analysis focuses on the recovery of the waste heat produced by foundries and it relies on the experimental data collected in a real case study. Several simulation results, based on such experimental data sets, enable a reasonably fair comparison between these two heat recovery strategies, thus paving the way to the deployment of a demonstrator at SCM Foundries, Rimini, Italy.
Battisti L., Cozzini M., Macii D. (2016). Industrial waste heat recovery strategies in urban contexts: A performance comparison, Smart Cities Conference (ISC2), IEEE International http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7580785/
Technology Roadmap for RES, Storage and Waste Recovery for efficient manufacturing
The following roadmap is the public version of Deliverable D3.1 “Technology Roadmap” from Task T3.1 of the REEMAIN project, which is an FP7 Factory of the Future project supported by the European Commission und GA no. 608977. The project addresses the development and demonstration of a methodology and simulation platform likely to boost the efficiency of both energy and material resources in factories. Therefore, the REEMAIN project combines cutting edge knowledge and experience from production processes, energy simulation software tools, energy and resource planning, renewable energy and storage.
Jakob U. (2016). Technology Roadmap for RES, Storage and Waste Recovery for efficient manufacturing.